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Today ....

Friday 29 September 2023 Manama time, Kingdom of Bahrain
١٤ ربيع الأول ١٤٤٥ هـ
7 الميزان 1402 هجري شمسي
فصل الخريف نوء سهيل 37
نجم الزبرة 10

Bahrain calendar

UN and National Days

  • 29 September International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste

Upcoming Eids and Islamic events

  • Start of Ramadhan 1445 H: 11-03-2024 (After After 164 days )
  • Eid Al Fitr 1445 H: 10-04-2024 (After After 194 days )
  • Eid al-Adha 1445 H: 16-06-2024 (After After 261 days )
  • Start of Hijri New Year 1446: 07-07-2024 (After After 282 days )
  • Anniversary of the Prophet 's Birthday 1446 H: 15-09-2024 (After After 352 days )

International days for the coming seven days

  • 30 September World Maritime Day
  • 30 September International Translation Day
  • 1 October International Day of Older Persons
  • 2 October World Statistics Day
  • 2 October International Day of Non-Violence
  • 4 October World Habitat Day
  • 4 October World Space Week, 4-10 October
  • 5 October World Teachers’ Day

National days for the coming seven days

  • 30 September Botswana
  • 1 October People's Republic of China
  • 1 October Cyprus
  • 1 October Nigeria
  • 1 October Tuvalu
  • 2 October Guinea
  • 3 October Germany
  • 3 October Iraq
  • 3 October South Korea
  • 4 October Lesotho
  • 6 October Egypt

Happened this day (29 September) *

- Pre-1600
- 708 Copper coins are minted in Japan for the first time (Traditional Japanese date: August 10, 708).
- 870 The city of Melite surrenders to an Aghlabid army following a siege, putting an end to Byzantine Malta.
- 1009 Mainz Cathedral suffers extensive damage from a fire, which destroys the building on the day of its inauguration.
- 1219 The Battle of Fariskur occurs during the Fifth Crusade.
- 1261 Pope Urban IV succeeds Pope Alexander IV, becoming the 182nd pope.
- 1315 Battle of Montecatini: The army of the Republic of Pisa, commanded by Uguccione della Faggiuola, wins a decisive victory against the joint forces of the Kingdom of Naples and the Republic of Florence despite being outnumbered.
- 1350 Battle of Winchelsea (or Les Espagnols sur Mer): The English naval fleet under King Edward III defeats a Castilian fleet of 40 ships.
- 1475 The Treaty of Picquigny ends a brief war between the kingdoms of France and England.
- 1484 Pope Innocent VIII succeeds Pope Sixtus IV.
- 1498 Vasco da Gama decides to depart Calicut and return to the Kingdom of Portugal.
- 1521 The Ottoman Turks capture Nándorfehérvár (Belgrade).
- 1526 Battle of Mohács: The Ottoman Turks led by Suleiman the Magnificent defeat and kill the last Jagiellonian king of Hungary and Bohemia.
- 1541 The Ottoman Turks capture Buda, the capital of the Hungarian Kingdom.
- 1588 Toyotomi Hideyoshi issues a nationwide sword hunting ordinance, disarming the peasantry so as to firmly separate the samurai and commoner classes, prevent peasant uprisings, and further centralise his own power.
- 1601–1900
- 1728 The city of Nuuk in Greenland is founded as the fort of Godt-Haab by the royal governor Claus Paarss.
- 1741 The eruption of Oshima–Ōshima and the Kampo tsunami: At least 2,000 people along the Japanese coast drown in a tsunami caused by the eruption of Oshima.
- 1756 Frederick the Great attacks Saxony, beginning the Seven Years' War in Europe.
- 1758 The Treaty of Easton establishes the first American Indian reservation, at Indian Mills, New Jersey, for the Lenape.
- 1778 American Revolutionary War: British and American forces battle indecisively at the Battle of Rhode Island.
- 1779 American Revolutionary War: American forces battle and defeat the British and Iroquois forces at the Battle of Newtown.
- 1786 Shays' Rebellion, an armed uprising of Massachusetts farmers, begins in response to high debt and tax burdens.
- 1807 British troops under Sir Arthur Wellesley defeat a Danish militia outside Copenhagen in the Battle of Køge.
- 1825 Portuguese and Brazilian diplomats sign the Treaty of Rio de Janeiro, which has Portugal recognise Brazilian independence, formally ending the Brazilian war of independence. The treaty will be ratified by the King of Portugal three months later.
- 1831 Michael Faraday discovers electromagnetic induction.
- 1842 Treaty of Nanking signing ends the First Opium War.
- 1861 American Civil War: The Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries gives Federal forces control of Pamlico Sound.
- 1869 The Mount Washington Cog Railway opens, making it the world's first mountain-climbing rack railway.
- 1871 Emperor Meiji orders the abolition of the han system and the establishment of prefectures as local centers of administration. (Traditional Japanese date: July 14, 1871).
- 1885 Gottlieb Daimler patents the world's first internal combustion motorcycle, the Reitwagen.
- 1898 The Goodyear tire company is founded in Akron, Ohio.
- 1901–present
- 1903 The Slava, the last of the five Borodino-class battleships, is launched.
- 1907 The Quebec Bridge collapses during construction, killing 75 workers.
- 1910 The Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910, also known as the Japan–Korea Annexation Treaty, becomes effective, officially starting the period of Japanese rule in Korea.
- 1911 Ishi, considered the last Native American to make contact with European Americans, emerges from the wilderness of northeastern California.
- 1911 The Canadian Naval Service becomes the Royal Canadian Navy.
- 1912 A typhoon strikes China, killing at least 50,000 people.
- 1914 World War I: Start of the Battle of St. Quentin in which the French Fifth Army counter-attacked the invading Germans at Saint-Quentin, Aisne.
- 1915 US Navy salvage divers raise F-4, the first U.S. submarine sunk in an accident.
- 1916 The United States passes the Philippine Autonomy Act.
- 1918 World War I: Bapaume taken by the New Zealand Division in the Hundred Days Offensive.
- 1930 The last 36 remaining inhabitants of St Kilda are voluntarily evacuated to other parts of Scotland.
- 1941 World War II: Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, is occupied by Nazi Germany following an occupation by the Soviet Union.
- 1943 World War II: German-occupied Denmark scuttles most of its navy; Germany dissolves the Danish government.
- 1944 World War II: Slovak National Uprising takes place as 60,000 Slovak troops turn against the Nazis.
- 1948 Northwest Airlines Flight 421 crashes in Fountain City, Wisconsin, killing all 37 aboard.
- 1949 Soviet atomic bomb project: The Soviet Union tests its first atomic bomb, known as First Lightning or Joe 1, at Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan.
- 1950 Korean War: British Commonwealth Forces Korea arrives to bolster the US presence.
- 1952 American experimental composer John Cage’s 4’33” premieres at Maverick Concert Hall, played by American pianist David Tudor.
- 1958 United States Air Force Academy opens in Colorado Springs, Colorado.
- 1960 Air France Flight 343 crashes on approach to Yoff Airport in Senegal, killing all 63 aboard.
- 1965 The Gemini V spacecraft returns to Earth, landing in the Atlantic Ocean.
- 1966 The Beatles perform their last concert before paying fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.
- 1966 Leading Egyptian thinker Sayyid Qutb is executed for plotting the assassination of President Gamal Abdel Nasser.
- 1970 Chicano Moratorium against the Vietnam War, East Los Angeles, California. Police riot kills three people, including journalist Rubén Salazar.
- 1975 El Tacnazo: Peruvian Prime Minister Francisco Morales Bermúdez carries out a coup d’état in the city of Tacna, forcing the sitting President of Peru, Juan Velasco Alvarado, to resign and assuming his place as the new President.
- 1982 The synthetic chemical element Meitnerium, atomic number 109, is first synthesized at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany.
- 1987 Odaeyang mass suicide: Thirty-three individuals linked to a religious cult are found dead in the attic of a cafeteria in Yongin, South Korea. Investigators attribute their deaths to a murder-suicide pact.
- 1991 Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union suspends all activities of the Soviet Communist Party.
- 1991 Libero Grassi, an Italian businessman from Palermo, is killed by the Sicilian Mafia after taking a solitary stand against their extortion demands.
- 1996 Vnukovo Airlines Flight 2801, a Tupolev Tu-154, crashes into a mountain on the Arctic island of Spitsbergen, killing all 141 aboard.
- 1997 Netflix is launched as an internet DVD rental service.
- 1997 At least 98 villagers are killed by the Armed Islamic Group of Algeria GIA in the Rais massacre, Algeria.
- 1998 Eighty people are killed when Cubana de Aviación Flight 389 crashes during a rejected takeoff from the Old Mariscal Sucre International Airport in Quito, Ecuador.
- 2001 Four people are killed when Binter Mediterráneo Flight 8261 crashes into the N-340 highway near Málaga Airport.
- 2003 Sayed Ayatollah Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, the Shia Muslim leader in Iraq, is assassinated in a terrorist bombing, along with nearly 100 worshippers as they leave a mosque in Najaf.
- 2005 Hurricane Katrina devastates much of the U.S. Gulf Coast from Louisiana to the Florida Panhandle, killing up to 1,836 people and causing $125 ;billion in damage.
- 2012 At least 26 Chinese miners are killed and 21 missing after a blast in the Xiaojiawan coal mine, located at Panzhihua, Sichuan Province.
- 2012 The XIV Paralympic Games open in London, England, United Kingdom.
- 2022 Russo-Ukrainian War: Ukraine begins its southern counteroffensive in the Kherson Oblast, eventually culminating in the liberation of the city of Kherson.

* Source Wikipedia

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القرآن الكريم: ترجمة معانيه وتفسيره وعرض لمفرداته ولطائفه

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